Book: Media Exposure During Infancy and Early Childhood

Barr, R., & Linebarger, D. N. (Eds.). (2017). Media exposure during infancy and early childhood: the effects of content and context on learning and development (1st ed., Vol. 1). Springer. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-45102-2

Media and Young Children

Barr, R. (2013). Memory Constraints on Infant Learning From Picture Books, Television, and Touchscreens. Child Development Perspectives, 7, 205-210. DOI: 10.1111/cdep.12041.

Zack, E., Gerhardstein, P., Meltzoff, A. N., & Barr, R. (2013). 15-month-olds’ transfer of learning between touch screen and real-world displays: language cues and cognitive loads. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology. 54, 20-25.

Brito N., Barr R., McIntyre P., Simcock G., (2012). Long-term transfer of learning from books and television. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 111, 108-119.

Simcock G., Garrity K., Barr R. (2011). The effect of narrative cues on infants’ imitation from television and picture books. Child Development, 82(5), 1607-1619.

Lauricella A.R., Pempek T.A., Barr R., Calvert S.L. (2010). Contingent computer interactions for young children’s objective retrieval success. The Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 31, 362-369.

Zack E., Barr R., Gerhardstein P., Dickerson K., Meltzoff A.N (2009). Infant imitation from television using novel touch screen technology. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 27, 13-26.

Barr R., Muentener P., Garcia A., Fujimoto M., Chavez, V. (2007). The effect of repetition on imitation from television during infancy. Developmental Psychobiology, 49(2), 196–207.

Barr R., Muentener P. & Garcia A (2007). Age-related changes in deferred imitation from television by 6- to 18-month-olds. Developmental Science, 10(6), 910-921.

Barr R., Shuck L., Salerno K., Atkinson E., Linebarger D. L. (2010). Music interferes with learning from television during infancy. Infant and Child Development, 19, 313-331.

Barr R., Wyss N., Somanader M. (2009). The influence of electronic sound effects on learning from televised and live models. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 103, 1-16.

Vandewater, E.A., Barr R., Park S.E. & Lee S-J (2010). A US study of transfer of learning from video to books in toddlers’ matching words across context change. Journal of Children and Media, 4(4), 451-467.

Barr R. & Wyss N. (2008). Reenactment of televised content by 2-year-olds: Toddlers use language learned from television to solve a difficult imitation problem. Infant Behavior and Development, 31(4), 696-703.

Barr, R. & Rovee-Collier, C. (2012). Learning from television in early childhood. Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning. doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-1428-6_1835

Barr R. (2010). Transfer of learning between 2D and 3D sources during infancy: Informing theory and practice. Developmental Review, 30, 128-154.

Barr, R. (2008). Attention to and learning from media during infancy and early childhood. Blackwell Handbook of Child Development and the Media, 143-165.

Barr, R., & Hayne, H. (1999).  Developmental changes in imitation from television during infancy.  Child Development, 70, 1067-1081.

Dickerson, K., Gerhardstein, P., Zack, E. & Barr, R. (2013). Age-related Changes in Learning Across Early Childhood: A New Imitation Task. Developmental Psychobiology.

Choosing and using media with young children

Fidler A.E., Zack E., Barr R. (2010). Television viewing patterns in 6- to 18- Month-Olds: The role of caregiver – Infant Interactional Quality. Infancy, 13, 30-56.

Lauricella A.R., Barr R.F. & Calvert S.L. (2009). Emerging computer skills: Influences of young children’s executive functioning abilities and parental scaffolding. Journal of Children and Media, 3(3), 217-233.

Barr R., Zack E., Garcia A., Muentener P., (2008). Infants’ attention and responsiveness to television increases with prior exposure and parental interaction. Infancy, 13(1), 30-56.

Linebarger, D.L., Barr, R., Lapierre, M.A., & Piotrowski, J.T. (2014). Associations Between Parenting, Media Use, Cumulative Risk, and Children’s Executive Functioning. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 35, 367-377.

Bank A.M., Barr R., Calvert S.L., Parrott W.G., McDonough S.C., & Rosenblum K. (2011). Maternal depression and family media use: A questionnaire and diary analysis. Journal of Child and Family Studies

Barr R., Danziger C., Hilliard M.E., Andolina C., & Ruskis, J (2010). Amount, content and context of infant media exposure: a parental questionnaire and diary analysis. International Journal of Early Years Education, 18(2), 107-122.

Calvert, S. L., Rideout, V.J., Woolard, J.L., Barr, R.F., Strouse, G.A. (2005). Age, Ethnicity, and Socioeconomic Patterns in Early Computer Use: A National Survey. American Behavioral Scientist, 48(5), 590-607. and Child Development, 19, 553-556.

Fenstermacher S., Barr R., Salerno K., Garcia A., Shwery C.E., Calvert S.L. & Linebarger D.L. (2010). Infant directed media: An Analysis of Product Information and Claims. Infant and Child Development, 19, 557-576.

Fenstermacher S., Barr R., Brey E., Pempek T.A., Ryan M., Calvert S.L., Shwery C.E. & Linebarger D. (2010). Interaction quality depicted in infant and toddler videos: Where are the Interactions? Infant and Child Development, 19, 594-612.

Vaala S.E., Linebarger D.L., Fenstermacher S.K., Tedone A., Brey E., Barr R., Moses A., Shwery C.E., & Calvert S.L. (2010). Content analysis of language – Promoting teaching strategies used in infant-directed media. Infant and Child Development, 19, 628-648.

Lerner, C., & Barr, R. (2014). Screen Sense: Setting the Record Straight-Research-Based Guidelines for Screen Use for Children Under 2 Years Old [White paper]. Retrieved from

Consequences of Bilingualism

Barr, R., Brito, N., & Grenell, A. (2014). Specificity of the bilingual advantage for memory: examining cued recall, generalization, and working memory in monolingual, bilingual, and trilingual toddlers. Frontiers in Psychology, 5, 1-12.

Brito, N., & Barr, R. (2013). Flexible memory retrieval in bilingual 6-month-old infants. Developmental psychobiology, 56(5), 1156–1163. doi: 10.1002/dev.21188.

Brito, N., & Barr, R. (2012). Influence of bilingualism on memory generalization during infancy.Developmental Science, 15, 812-816. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-7687.2012.1184.x

The Just Beginning "Baby Elmo" Program

Richeda B., Barr R., Cowan P., Cowan C., Rodriguez J., Shauffer C., Smith K., Perkins E. & Simmons S. (2015). Baby Elmo leads dads back to the nursery: How a relationship-based intervention for fathers enhances father and child outcomes. Zero To Three, 35(5), 25-35.

King S., Barr R., & Woolard J. (2015). Cost-effective juvenile justice reform: Lessons from the Just Beginning “Baby Elmo” teen parenting program. 93 N.C.L Rev 1381-1418.

Barr R., Morin, M., Brito N., Richeda, B., Rodriguez J., & Shauffer C. (2013). Delivering services to incarcerated teen fathers: A pilot intervention to increase the quality of father-infant interactions during visitation. Psychological Services, 11(1), 10-21.

Brito N., Barr R., Rodriguez J., & Shauffer C. (2012). Developing an Effective Intervention for Incarcerated Teen Fathers: The Baby Elmo Program. Zero to Three, 32(5), 26-32.

Barr R., Brito N., Zocca J., Reina S., Rodriguez J., Shauffer C. (2011). The baby elmo program: Improving teen father-child interactions within juvenile justice facilities. Children and Youth Services Review, 33(9), 1555-1562.

Learning in the Social World

Barr, R. (2006). Developing social understanding in a social context.  In K. McCartney & D. Phillips (Eds).  Blackwell Handbook of Early Child Development,( pp188-207).  Malden, MA: Blackwell.

Barr, R., & Hayne, H. (2003). It’s not what you know it’s who you know: Older siblings facilitate imitation during infancy.  International Journal of Early Years Education, 11, 7-21.

Hayne, H., Barr, R., & Herbert J. (2003).  The effect of prior practice on memory reactivation and generalization.  Child Development, 74, 1615-1627.

Barr, R. (2002).  Imitation as a learning mechanism and research tool: how does imitation interact with other cognitive functions? Developmental Science, 5, 16-18.

Barr, R., & Hayne, H. (2000). Age-related changes in imitation: Implications for memory development.  In C. Rovee-Collier, L. P. Lipsitt, & H. Hayne (Eds.), Progress in infancy research(Vol. 1, pp. 21-67).  Mahwah, NJ:  Erlbaum.

Hayne, H., Boniface, J., & Barr, R. (2000). The development of declarative memory in human infants: Age-related changes in deferred imitation.  Behavioral Neuroscience, 114, 77-83. DOI: 10.1037//0735-7044.114.1.77.

Hayne, H., MacDonald, S., & Barr, R. (1997). Developmental changes in the specificity of memory over the second year of life.  Infant Behavior and Development, 20, 233-245.

Barr, R., Dowden, A., & Hayne, H. (1996). Developmental changes in deferred imitation by 6- to 24-month-old infants.  Infant Behavior and Development, 19, 159-171.

Barr, R., & Hayne, H. (1996). The effect of event structure on imitation in infancy:  Practice makes perfect?  Infant Behavior and Development, 19, 255-259.

Making The Connection

Barr, R. & Rovee-Collier, C. (2012). Infant Learning and Memory. Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4419-1428-6_1918

Barr, R., Rovee-Collier, C. & Learmonth, A. E. (2011). Potentiation in Young Infants: The Origin of the Prior Knowledge Effect?  Memory and Cognition,39, 625-636. DOI 10.3758/s13421-010-0037-0

Rovee-Collier, C., & Barr, R. (2010). Infant learning and memory. Blackwell Handbook of Infant Development (2nd ed.), 271-294.

Barr, R., Rovee-Collier, C. & Campanella, J. (2005). Retrieval protracts deferred imitation by 6-month-olds. Infancy, 7, 263-284.

Barr, R., Marrott, H., & Rovee-Collier, C. (2003). The role of sensory preconditioning in memory retrieval by preverbal infants.  Learning and Behavior, 31, 111-123.

Barr, R., Vieira, A., & Rovee-Collier, C. (2002). Bidirectional priming in infants.  Memory and Cognition, 30, 246-255.

Barr, R., Vieira, A., & Rovee-Collier, C. (2001).  Mediated imitation in 6-month-olds:  Remembering by association.  Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 79, 229-252.